Social Content Changes Over Three Editions of One Textbook
Paper/Lecture. JALT 2000: The 26th International JALT Conference, Granship Conference Centre, Shizuoka, Japan, November 2 - 5, 2000
(abstract: long version)
This presentation reports the results of a case study regarding the changes in content to one textbook over three editions published over three decades. The original edition of the textbook in question is one of many which have been examined for social content, especially for gender bias. This particular edition was criticized extensively in several studies due to the sexist nature of its illustration and textual content. However, a new edition of this textbook appeared in 1983, and a third edition was published in 1994. In this presentation, the presenter first documents the extent to which problems identified in the 1978 edition were addressed in the subsequent two editions. The presenter then examines the two most recent editions in further detail, discussing:
The presenter concludes that that through the three editions, the pattern of changes
moves progressively towards a more egalitarian view, yet some problems still remain.
BACK TO BILL'S C.V.
This paper is derived from research for a paper done during my MA course. This is the bibliography from the paper:
Acker, S. & K. Oatley, 1993. "Gender Issues in Education for Science and Technology: Current Situation and Prospects for Change". Canadian Journal of Education, 18. pp. 255 - 272.
Adams, T. W., 1996. "The Changing Social Content of ESL Textbooks in the USA". EDRS Document ED391387.
Beebe, J. D., 1996. "Sexist Language and Teaching English as a Foreign Language", in Casanave & Yamashiro, eds, 1996. pp. 100-113.
California Deptartment of Education, 1986. Standards for Evaluation of Instructional Materials with Respect to Social Content. Sacramento, California.
Casanave, C.P. & A.D. Yamashiro (eds), 1996. Gender Issues in Language Education. (monograph). Keio University Shonan Fujisawa Campus.
Colley, A., C. Comber & D.J. Hargreaves, 1994. "Gender Effects in School Subject Preferences: A Research Note". Educational Studies, 20. pp. 13-18.
Durham, S., S. Sheila, 1996. "Sex Differences in the Use of Science and Technology in Children's Cartoons". Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (42nd, Norfolk, VA, March 1996). EDRS Document ED393603.
Ellis, R., M. Helgesen, C. Browne, G. Gorsuch, J. Schwab, 1996. First Impact Teacher's Manual. Hong Kong: Longman Asia ELT.
Freeman, R. & B. McElhinny, 1996. "Language and Gender". In McKay & Hornberger, 1996, pp. 218 280.
Florent, J., K. Fuller, J. Pugsley, C. Walter & A. Young, 1994. "Case Study 1: On Balance: Guidelines for the Representation of Women and Men in English Language Teaching Materials". In Sunderland (ed.), 1994a, pp. 112-120.
Goss, G., 1996. "Weaving Girls into the Curriculum". Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Ammerican Association of Colleges for Teacher Education (Chicago, IL, February 21-24, 1996). EDRS Document ED394931.
Hardy, T., 1996. "Teaching about Social Inequality and Gender in the Language Classroom". In Casanave & Yamashiro (eds.), 1996, pp. 56-64.
Hartly, B. & P. Viney, 1983. American Streamline Departures. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hartly, B. & P. Viney, 1994. New American Streamline Departures. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hartly, B. & P. Viney, 1995. New American Streamline Departures Teachers Book. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Jones, M., C. Kitetu & J. Sunderland, 1995. "Discourse Roles, Gender and Language Textbook Dialogs: Who Learns What from John and Sally?" Working Paper Series: Lancaster University Centre for Research in Language Education, Language and Gender in the Classroom Research Group. EDRS Document ED392270.
Kashey, M.J., 1993. "Occupation and Activity Gender Trends in the Berenstain Bear Series". ERIC Document ED374470.
Kernberger, K., 1990. "Just Say No to He/Men, or Teaching Nonsexist Language in the ESL Classroom", paper given at the Annual Meeting of the New Mexico Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (Las Cruces, February 16-17, 1990). EDRS Document ED317061.
Love, R., 1993. "Gender Bias: Inequalities in the Classroom". IDRA Newsletter, February 1993, pp. 8 11. ERIC Document ED380353.
Mandell, J. 1997. "Rethinking Rumplestiltskin". Disney's Family.Com. Internet document. Available: http://www.family.com/Features/family_1997_05/dony/dony57fairytales. Downloaded May 6, 1997.
McKay, S.L. & N.H. Hornberger (eds.), 1996. Sociolinguistics and Langauge Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Porreca, K.L., 1984. "Sexism in Current ESL Textbooks". TESOL Quarterly, 18:4, pp. 705-724.
Sunderland, J., 1990, "The Representation of Gender in Language Classrooms". Paper presented at the World Congress of Applied Linguistics, sponsored by the International Association of Applied Linguistics (9th, Thessaloniki, Greece, April 15-21, 1990). ERIC Document ED 323807.
Sunderland, J., 1992. "Gender in the EFL Classroom". ELT Journal, 46/1, pp. 81-91.
Sunderland, J. (ed), 1994a. Exploring Gender. Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire: Prentice Hall International (UK) Ltd.
Sunderland, J., 1994b. "Pedagogical and Other Filters: The Representation of Non-sexist Language Change in British Pedagogical Grammars". In Sunderland (ed.) 1994a, pp. 92-103.
Sunderland, J., 1994c. "Introduction to Quadrant II: Materials". In Sunderland (ed.) 1994a.
Wheeler, R.S., 1992. Report to the Committee on the Status of Women in Lingistics. Unpublished report, provided courtesy of author.