The Japanese government cites Onshu shicho goki (Records on Observations in Oki Province) edited by Saito Hosen in 1667 as the first record of Tokdo. Saito was a retainer of the daimyo of Izumo (sesshu) and at his lord's behest made an observation trip to Oki Island whereupon he submitted these records to his lord. In the report Tokdo and Ullungdo were both ascribed to Koryo (Korea) and Oki was indicated as Japan's western-most boundary:
Oki is in the middle of the North Sea and is called Okinoshima. Going further from there for two days and one night in a northwesterly direction, one reaches Matsushima. Also there is Takeshima at another day's travel. These two islands are uninhabited and viewing Koryo from there is like viewing Oki from Onshu. And thus Oki marks the northwestern boundary of Japan.
Here again, Matshshima refers to Tokdo and Takeshima to Ullungdo. This first Japanese record on Tokdo as an official document clearly places Oki within Japan's territory, and Tokdo and Ullungdo within that of Koryo.
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