Tokyo officially opened to Westerners who are restricted to residing in the reclaimed land
district of Tuskiji.
Five missionary families begin holding informal afternoon worship services in English
following their Sunday morning services for their Japanese congregations.
One of the families, the Greenes, move to Kansai.
Kobe Union Church is founded by the Greenes and others.
Plans are approved to erect a church building, complete with steeple, to house "Union
Church" services in Tsukiji on Lot Number 17 - later to be referred as late as 1932
as "the old Presbyterian Meeting House in Tsukiji."
This is the date conservatively regarded as the date of dedication of Union Church - but
other records suggest as early as late July 1872. Records state the congregation consisted
of 43 persons: 22 foreign men, 18 foreign women, and 13 Japanese. Initial collection of
$1300 paid off remaining building debt of $900.
Reverend David Thompson "married two native couples in the Christian way" and
unwittingly help launch what would become a new Japanese industry: marriages in Christian
1875 - 1900
Union Church is used by various congregations including Shinsakaye-bashi (Presbyterian)
Church and a German congregation. The church building is also used as a school for foreign
Foreigners are allowed to hold land and reside outside of the Tsukiji District in Tokyo.
Union Church congregation follows exodus of foreigners from the unhealthy mud flats
surrounded Tsukiji to largely what is now Ginza. The congregation meets in various
Japanese churches and halls.
Tokyo School for Foreign Children, forerunner of the American School in Japan (ASIJ),
leases the Tsukiji Union Church building for 5 years.
Union Church congregation moves to the Presbyterian-Reformed Church in Sukiyabashi.
While music must have been very important before, this year provides the earliest
surviving record of the unique importance of music in TUCs worship.